Mexico is an emerging economy that is bound to become one of the top 10 CO2 emitters in the World, if advanced countries continue to lower their emissions.
Mexico is also of strategic importance and has developed a set of institutional capacities that allow the country to become a pilot and demonstrate that economic development with leapfrogging may be achieved. Traditional economic development might wait, but not sustainable development.
It may serve as an example of a progressive country, where optimal mitigations scenarios take place, combining the adequate domestic efforts, supported by technical and financial international cooperation.
Even if the country contributes with less than 2% of global emissions, science indicates that all countries will have to contribute ambitiously in the mitigation efforts if we want to keep global warming below 2°C.
UNEP’s 2010 – Emissions Gap Report estimated a quantity of between 10 and 15 Gt CO2e must be reduced in addition to the set of the commitments made by countries at the COP16 in Cancun. The 2014 Gap Report went even further, where the Carbon Budget proposed by the IPCC leaves less than about 1 000 Gt CO2e to “spend” in the future.
Recent studies have demonstrated that numerous cost-effective opportunities of mitigation exist and may be implemented before 2020 and all throughout until 2030.
The Mexican Climate Initiative (ICM) was established with the purpose of supporting mitigation actions and policies by means of strategic and precise philanthropic investments.
In its first phase, ICM advocates and supports efforts in the transport and sustainable mobility sectors, the de-carbonisation of the energy matrix, and national and sub-national climate policies.
In the future, providing the availability of sufficient funds, ICM agenda will expand to cover other areas such as waste management, industry and smart city planning among others. Mitigation in the land-use and forest sectors is being covered by the Climate and Land Use Alliance (CLUA), a consortium of funders with which ICM maintains close coordination.
|Population||Almost 120 million inhabitants
Source: INEGI – Población
Source: INEGI – PIB y cuentas Nacionales
|Inside OECD|| Lowest GDP per capita, but 6th largest global GDP.
Source: Data OECD
|Total GHG Emissions per year||492,307.31 Gt of CO2e
Source: SEMARNAT – INECC
|Contribution to global emissions||1.34%|
|Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)||Unconditionally reduce 22% of GHGe and a reduction of 51% of Black Carbon (below BAU) for the year 2030.
This commitment may be increased up to 36% of GHGe with the help of international support.
Source: Mexico INDC
The energy sector is the second largest producer of GHGs in Mexico. Our Energy Strategy looks to decarbonise the energy matrix, while at the same time, taking advantage of the co-benefits and building a sustainable future for all. Our projects focus on three key areas:
Distributed generation, and
Our interventions have provided strong economic, social and climatic arguments towards ambitious changes in regulation and advocacy for clean energies and distributed generation. More than 1.5M USD of financial assistance have constructed strong alliances with key decision-makers and stakeholders to take advantage of the high potential in renewables that the country has.
With the approval of the Energy Trans Law in December 2015, LARCI will focus in supporting the development of secondary regulations and standards, as well as in the elaboration of the National Energy Efficiency Pathway and the establishment of the Energy Efficiency goals.
The transport sector is the highest contributor of GHG emissions, accounting for 22% of total emissions. Our Transport Strategy looks to reduce annual emissions by shifting urban mobility from high-carbon to low-carbon modes. Our projects focus on three key areas:
To improve urban mobility,
To have better vehicle efficiency, and
To reducing and redirecting fossil fuel subsidies
Our portfolio includes more than a dozen projects with allies such as ITDP, Embarq – CTS and CEMDA that have been implemented with a budget of little more than 750 000 USD. Projects include giving alternatives to fossil fuel subsidies, setting up alliances with NGOs and decision-makers while providing assistance, information and many types of collaboration.
In the future, we anticipate to expand our work in the links between smart city planning and sustainable mobility.
Mexico’s emissions increase at a rate of 1.5% annually as the economy, with its heavy reliance on fossil fuels, continues to grow. Our Climate Policy Strategy assists in
Setting a roadmap in place to comply with all national and international commitments,
Raising its level of mitigation ambition,
Increasing Mexico’s leadership in fighting climate change.
Our interventions have given more than 1.5M USD in financial assistance and advocacy to try to help the country set ambitious commitments and leadership. Some actions include supporting the creation of a carbon tax and a platform to negotiate carbon credits, developing state climate action programmes at the sub-national level and capacity building of allied stakeholders.
Special attention will be given to investments that accelerate successful and timely implementation of Mexico’s INDC.